Things To Know While Writing A Research Paper Results Section


The main goal of writing the results section in a research paper is to present the most important findings of your work without providing any kind of interpretation. This section should be completely free of bias, leaving the reader to perhaps be critical and question whether there may have been an error in methods or some other way to interpret your findings. This is an important component of academic writing, so learning how to properly write this portion of your work is extremely important. Here’s what you need to know about writing one the right way:


  • Organize your results logically

  • The layout of this portion should mirror the layout of your entire research paper. Start by restating your thesis and presenting any questions you sought to answer. Next describe your methods of testing or gathering data and so forth. The reader should easily be able to navigate through your work and your findings.


  • Two points of emphasis

  • The majority of the results section should discuss your testing methods and your findings. Make sure the connection between your methods and findings relate. Your reader should be able to clearly see why something happened and perhaps come up with ways to improve on methods to arrive to the desired findings.


  • Use the appropriate terms

  • Another important aspect to know about writing this part of your research paper is using the appropriate terms for your discipline. You don’t need to define terms that are commonly used in this area of study. And new terms, in general, should be defined early in the research paper and not in this section.


  • Restate your hypothesis

  • Be sure you restate your thesis and hypothesis early in the section to let your readers know whether your findings point to your accurate theory. It’s okay if your findings don’t agree with your original thesis. This happens a lot in academic writing. The most important part is that you show that you properly conducted a study that furthers the topic and discipline.


  • Don’t use many tables or figures

  • The tables and figures you choose to include in this part of your research paper should be simple to understand. They should summarize what other tables in your discussion show. A general rule is to use nor more than two or three to keep your reader focused on your writing rather than try to deduce what those tables or figures show.